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This paper gives an overview of impact printing and reviews some of the more recent advances made in this printing technology. Matrix and fully-formed-character impact-printing technologies are discussed for both serial printers and line printers. The critical electromechanical subassemblies that are described are the hammer unit, the paper-handling system, the inking system, and the type-element system. The mathematics describing printer performance and the operation of some of the subassemblies are presented. The relative simplicity of the impact printer still allows it to be the most economical form of text printing. Its other advantages are reliability, general insensitivity to environment, and the ability to print on the greatest variety of print media.
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