Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window

Electrochemical process for advanced package fabrication

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $31
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Krongelb, S. ; IBM Research Division, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorkrown Heights, New York 10598, USA ; Romankiw, L.T. ; Tornello, J.A.

Interconnections for high-end applications are essentially low-resistance transmission-line structures with precisely controlled cross-sectional shapes and dimensions. The relatively thick copper conductors—typically 6 µm or more—combined with the stringent control required on the 10–20-µm-wide cross sections stretches the capabilities of the subtractive etch and lift-off processes that are typically used in semiconductor fabrication to pattern evaporated and sputtered metal films. Electroplating through a photoresist mask, which has proven itself to be a highly effective, precision manufacturing process for thin-film magnetic recording heads, is, however, capable of meeting and far exceeding the requirements of package fabrication. This paper describes the fabrication of a package structure that integrates traditional dry-process technologies with electrolytic copper plating to form the conductors, polyimide backfill and planarization steps to form the dielectric, and electroless deposition to selectively clad the copper lines to prevent adverse reaction of the copper with water generated during the polyimide cure. The discussion highlights salient issues which are pertinent to the compatibility of the individual process steps and to the extension of the technology to more demanding packaging structures and to other applications.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Journal of Research and Development  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

Sep. 1998

Need Help?

IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.