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The Qx-coder

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2 Author(s)
M. J. Slattery ; IBM Microelectronics Division, Burlington facility, Essex Junction, Vermont 05452, USA ; J. L. Mitchell

The IBM Adaptive Bilevel Image Compression (ABIC) algorithm depends upon the hardware-optimized Q-coder. The Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group (JBIG) settled upon a software-optimized QM-coder. This paper explores the incompatibilities of the hardware- and software-optimized binary arithmetic coding conventions and reports on the solution that allowed a merged Qx-coder in hardware. A unique hardware solution is presented for the termination of the JBIG data stream (CLEARBITS). The probability estimation is presented in a common format. Detailed flowcharts are included in the Appendix. An ASIC core is available that supports both the ABIC and JBIG bilevel data compression standards using this merged Qx-coder.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Journal of Research and Development  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 6 )