Skip to Main Content
The design, development, testing, and integration methodology for antennas integrated into laptop computers is described. Two key parameters are proposed and discussed for laptop antenna design and evaluation: standing wave ratio (SWR) and average antenna gain. A novel averaging technique was developed and applied to these to yield a measurable, repeatable, and generalized metric. A prototype antenna was built using this methodology, and measurements indicate that the resulting design attains both performance and cost targets. A PC-card-version wireless system is also discussed and compared with the integrated one. The impact of the antenna on the overall wireless system is studied through a link budget model.
Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.