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Describing data in computer networks

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Programmers are quite accustomed to describing data they use: where to find it, what devices are involved, the layout of the data, what to do with it after the job is complete, processing techniques employed, and often a great deal more. The reason data is so described is that, nowadays, programs call upon a great many other programs for assistance. All sorts of common-place functions that the programmer takes for granted are provided by other, already-written programs, that are invoked explicitly or implicitly by what the programmer himself writes. Thus programmers must describe things about their data to be able to use the functions provided.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Systems Journal  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

1973

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