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Analysis of free-storage algorithms-visited

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4 Author(s)
Bozman, G. ; Bozman IBM Research Division, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, USA ; Buco, W. ; Daly, T.P. ; Tetzlaff, W.H.

Most research in free-storage management has centered around strategies that search a linked list and strategies that partition storage into predetermined sizes. Such algorithms are analyzed in terms of CPU efficiency and storage efficiency. The subject of this study is the free-storage management in the Virtual Machine/System Product (VM/SP) system control program. As a part of this study, simulations were done of established, and proposed, dynamic storage algorithms for the VM/SP operating system. Empirical evidence is given that simplifying statistical assumptions about the distribution of interarrival times and holding times has high predictive ability. Algorithms such as first-fit, modified first-fit, and best-fit are found to be CPU-inefficient. Buddy systems are found to be very fast but suffer from a high degree of internal fragmentation. A form of extended subpooling is shown to be as fast as buddy systems with improved storage efficiency. This algorithm was implemented for VM/SP, and then measured. Results for this algorithm are given for several production VM/SP systems.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Systems Journal  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

1984

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