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Computational holographic bandwidth compression

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1 Author(s)
Lucente, M. ; IBM Research Division, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, USA

A novel technique to compute holographic fringe patterns for real-time display is described. Hogel-vector holographic bandwidth compression, a diffraction-specific approach, treats a fringe as discretized in space and spatial frequency. By undersampling fringe spectra, hogel-vector encoding achieves a compression ratio of 16:1 with an acceptably small loss in image resolution. Hogel-vector bandwidth compression achieves interactive rates of holographic computation for real-time three-dimensional electro-holographic (holovideo) displays. Total computation time for typical three-dimensional images is reduced by a factor of over 70 to 4.0 seconds per 36-MB holographic fringe and under 1.0 seconds for a 6-MB full-color image. Analysis focuses on the trade-offs among compression ratio, image fidelity, and image depth. Hogel-vector bandwidth compression matches information content to the human visual system, achieving "visual-bandwidth holography." Holovideo may now be applied to visualization, entertainment , and information.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Systems Journal  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 3.4 )