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The explosive growth of uses for computer networks and users of such networks has been characterized by and depends on technical advances in many directions and along many dimensions. The entire computer industry has been affected by the dramatic and rapid shift of information, communications, applications, and businesses to direct residence on and indirect access through networks and especially the Internet. Hardware, software, applications, processes, timing, and many other computer-based aspects of personal and business life have been altered or re-engineered. Old methods and goals have been modified or discarded; new ones have been and will continue to be created.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

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IBM Systems Journal  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 1 )