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Grid computing is currently an area of intense activity involving a large community of researchers, developers, and users. Hundreds of experimental and production grids are in operation throughout the world. The development of grid computing has followed a path similar to the development of the World Wide Web, which started as a technology for scientific collaboration but was later adopted for use by a multitude of industries and businesses. Recent standards activities driven by the Global Grid Forum (GGF) have led to the definition of the Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA), which has met with wide acceptance and is being implemented in commercial grid products.
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