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As technological and scientific advances proliferate, the practical application of these advances becomes more complex and challenging. Without coordination, innovations in the research and academic environments may be poorly suited for solving real-world problems or simply irrelevant to them. In order to take advantage of the rapidly growing corpus of scientific and technical innovation, leading-edge developers must collaborate with experts in the rapidly changing business world. Business knowledge must be used to inform the design of systems, services, and solutions or to adapt innovations for settings that may have been unanticipated by their original designers. Feedback from this adaptation then gives rise to further innovation.
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