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A graph-theoretical approach for pattern discovery in epidemiological research

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4 Author(s)
R. A. Mushlin ; IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, USA ; A. Kershenbaum ; S. T. Gallagher ; T. R. Rebbeck

In this paper we describe a graph-theoretical approach for pattern discovery that is especially useful in epidemiological research when applied to case-control studies involving categorical features such as genotypes and exposures. Whereas existing approaches are limited to exploring relationships among two or three factors, or deal with thousands of genes but are unable to isolate interactions among individual genes, we focus on interactions among tens of genes. We present a pattern discovery algorithm that finds associations among multiple factors, such as genetic and environmental factors, and groups of individuals (cases and controls) in a clinical survey. To validate our approach and to demonstrate its effectiveness, we applied it to a selection of synthetic data sets that were devised to emulate the situations encountered in epidemiological studies involving common diseases with suspected associations involving multiple factors that could include inherited genotypes, somatic genotypes, demographic characteristics, or exposures. The results of this experiment show that it is possible to identify the effects of multiple factors in moderate-size surveys (involving hundreds of individuals) even when the number of factors is greater than three.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Systems Journal  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 1 )