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Over the past decade, biomedical research and the practice of medicine have increasingly become information-driven disciplines. The availability of the entire genome sequence for many organisms, including humans; the advent of high-throughput screening technologies, such as techniques that can rapidly screen people for genomic information related to their medical condition; the introduction of powerful digital imaging technologies for biological systems and human patients; and the desire to target treatments to individual patients through personalized medicine have necessitated the use of advanced data management and analysis techniques, high-performance omputation, and decision support in the art and science of medicine.
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