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This paper presents the design of a fractional-N frequency synthesizer for LTE application covering frequency band from 698 MHz to 2690 MHz, which is fabricated in a 65 nm CMOS process. The frequency of VCO was designed from 2.7 GHz to 6.1 GHz by three cores. Each VCO core has the 23 %40 % tuning range that is obtained by means of a 6-bit binary-weighted capacitance array and a small varactor for fine tuning. Also in order to operate in a wide-band frequency range, AFC technique is used. A 3-bit third order MASH type Â¿ - Â¿ modulator is employed to meet a frequency resolution of 20 Hz and improve the phase noise performance. The frequency synthesizer measures phase noise of -98 dBc/Hz at 10 KHz offset, -128 dBc/Hz at 5 MHz offset, -131 dBc/Hz at 7.5 MHz offset, integrated phase noise of 0.67Â° and a settling time of less than 150 us while operating LO frequency at 2.62 GHz. The implemented frequency synthesizer consumes 39 mA from 1.2 V power supply and meets the requirements of LTE application.
Microwave Conference, 2009. APMC 2009. Asia Pacific
Date of Conference: 7-10 Dec. 2009