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Seamless Transfer of Single-Phase Grid-Interactive Inverters Between Grid-Connected and Stand-Alone Modes

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3 Author(s)
Zhilei Yao ; Aero-Power Sci-Tech Center, Nanjing Univ. of Aeronaut. & Astronaut., Nanjing, China ; Lan Xiao ; Yangguang Yan

This paper presents a novel seamless transfer of single-phase grid-interactive inverters between grid-connected and stand-alone modes. The grid-connected inverter should operate in grid-tied and off-grid modes in order to provide power to the emergency load during system outages. However, the grid current controller and the output voltage controller are switched between the two modes, so the outputs of both controllers may not be equal during the transfer instant, which will cause the current or voltage spikes during the switching process. The transfer between the two controllers does not exist in the proposed method. In grid-tied mode, the voltage controller is used for compensating the filter capacitor current, and the current controller is used to control the grid current. In stand-alone mode, the voltage controller is used to regulate the output voltage, whereas the output of the current controller is zero. With the proposed control method, the seamless transfer can be achieved between both modes, even in polluted grid voltage. The principle and realization conditions of the control methods at both modes are analyzed. The detailed process of the seamless transfer between the two modes is illustrated. Finally, the simulation and experimental results verify the theoretical analysis.

Published in:

Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 6 )