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Analysis of the Helium Behavior Due to AC Losses in the KSTAR Superconducting Coils

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14 Author(s)
Y. M. Park ; ECE Department, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea ; H. J. Lee ; Y. J. Lee ; S. H. Park
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The KSTAR superconducting magnetic coils, which are made of cable in-conduit conductor (CICC), maintain a superconducting state with forced-flow supercritical helium (4.5 K, 5.5 bar). During current changing of the superconducting magnetic coils, AC losses are generated in the CICC due to dl/dt, and the heat generated from the loss is removed by high heat capacity supercritical helium. At the same time, reversed flow of the helium occurs due to a rapid increase of the helium temperature and momentary changing of the pressure inside the CICC. This phenomenon has been detected in all of the poloidal field (PF) coils, especially in the upper (U) and lower (L) PF1~PF4 coils. The maximum change of the magnetic field in the PF1UL~PF4UL coils is located near the inlet and outlet of the helium cooling channels, and that of the PF5UL~7UL coils is located at the center of the cooling channel. The temperature variation at the helium inlet was always measured to have a time delay after each shot. In the PF1 coil tests, it was measured to have a delay of 26 sec. During the first plasma campaign, this phenomenon was more severe in the case of all PF coils operating together than for a single PF operation. In this paper, we investigated the thermal-hydraulics of this phenomenon.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )