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A Fast Exhaust-Gas Analyzer for the ITER Fusion Experiment Divertor

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6 Author(s)
C. Christopher Klepper ; Fusion Energy Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA ; Eric P. Carlson ; John J. Moschella ; Robert C. Hazelton
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This paper presents a first demonstration of a radio-frequency (RF)-excited optical gas analyzer (RF-OGA) designed to quantitatively measure minority species inside the neutralization region of the ITER fusion experiment divertor. The sensor head, which creates its own plasma excitation and plasma light emission, is designed to operate in a strong magnetic field, and the RF coupling leads to bright light emission. It also allows for operation at low voltages, avoiding the radiation-enhanced breakdowns expected when high voltages are present in the ITER environment. Furthermore, the preferred sensor head features full isolation of the metal RF electrodes from the induced plasma. This ??electrodeless?? operation will permit long operation without frequent maintenance. The testing of a first experimental RF-OGA with an electrodeless design in a strong (~2-T) magnetic field showed a mostly linear response of the He I-6678 A?? line emission to the He concentration in a hydrogen background, which would produce a He concentration measurement accurate to within 2% of the helium-to-hydrogen ratio.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 3 )