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60-GHz Wideband Substrate-Integrated-Waveguide Slot Array Using Closely Spaced Elements for Planar Multisector Antenna

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3 Author(s)
Ohira, M. ; ATR Wave Eng. Labs., Keihanna Science City, Japan ; Miura, A. ; Ueba, M.

A new wideband waveguide slot array is proposed for covering a wide elevation-angle range with a planar sector antenna of a multigigabit wireless LAN in the 60-GHz band. The requirement of millimeter-wave sector antennas is to realize both wide bandwidth of 11.2% and wide elevation-angle coverage with a required gain of over 10 dBi. To satisfy both the required gain and bandwidth, the important structural features of the proposed antenna are that multiple slot elements are successively arranged at an interval of the length less than one quarter guide wavelengths and that the slot length increases from the shorted waveguide end to the feed end. The operational principle of the slot array is based on multisection quarter-wavelength reflection cancellation, so the slot array can achieve the required bandwidth. Furthermore, this antenna produces a unidirectional radiation pattern by using the radiators and the reflectors, resulting in the required gain over a wide elevation-angle range. In the design, the structural parameters of the slot array are selected to meet the requirements for 60-GHz-band sector antenna. The developed substrate-integrated-waveguide (SIW) slot array achieves both the 10 dB return-loss bandwidth of 15% and the specified gain in 88-96% of the one-sector coverage range of 59-66 GHz. The effectiveness of the proposed slot array for a sector antenna is verified by the good agreement between the simulated and measured results.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 3 )