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This study establishes a conceptual model to assess the cybersecurity readiness for the public sector in Cambodia. The prime motivation of prioritizing the public institutions in this study is due to the fact that these institutions have been reported as the most vulnerable and most wanted target of cyber attacks. We suggest that it is really vital should the weakness and strength of each institutions can be represented by a single indicator that is a result of combination of various sub-indicators, so that the policymaker could realize the issue in detail before the countering measures could be established. In this study, we perform detail analysis on how the readiness index can be constructed and what area it could be employed. We measure the cybersecurity preparedness of public institutions on three dimensions including, Human Resource, Infrastructure, and Environment. These three categories are the combination of 46 indicators aggregated by using Factor Analysis/Principal Component Analysis as multivariate and weighting method with linear additive aggregation.