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Convolution backprojection formulas for 3-D vector tomography with application to MRI

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1 Author(s)
Prince, J.L. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, USA

Vector tomography is the reconstruction of vector fields from measurements of their projections. In previous work, it has been shown that the reconstruction of a general three-dimensional (3-D) vector field is possible from the so-called inner product measurements. It has also been shown how the reconstruction of either the irrotational or solenoidal component of a vector field can be accomplished with fewer measurements than that required for the full field. The present paper makes three contributions. First, in analogy to the two-dimensional (2-D) approach of Norton (1988), several 3-D projection theorems are developed. These lead directly to new vector field reconstruction formulas that are convolution backprojection formulas. It is shown how the local reconstruction property of these 3-D reconstruction formulas permits reconstruction of point flow or of regional flow from a limited data set. Second, simulations demonstrating 3-D reconstructions, both local and nonlocal, are presented. Using the formulas derived herein and those derived in previous work, these results demonstrate the reconstruction of the irrotational and solenoidal components, their potential functions, and the field itself from simulated inner product measurement data. Finally, it is shown how 3-D inner product measurements can be acquired using a magnetic resonance scanner

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 10 )