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Experimental and theoretical investigation of high-pressure arcs. II. The magnetically deflected arc (three-dimensional modeling)

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2 Author(s)
G. Speckhofer ; Tech. Univ. Munchen, Germany ; H. -P. Schmidt

While Part I deals with cylindrical arcs, Part II studies the influence of transverse magnetic fields on the arc column for ambient pressures of 0.1-5.0 MPa. If exposed to a magnetic induction of several millitesla, the column of an arc is deflected by the Lorentz forces. In this paper, heat transfer and fluid flow with coupled electromagnetic forces are modeled for the magnetically deflected arc. To verify the predictions, the three-dimensional temperature distributions of the arc column are determined by line and continuum radiation measurements using tomographic methods. These temperature maps are compared with the results of the numerical simulations. To gain insight into the physical professes of the discharge and to make the arc properties available which are not readily measured, a self-consistent numerical model of the arc column is applied to the time-dependent and three-dimensional case. The temperature, velocity, pressure, and current densities are predicted by solving the conservation equations for mass, momentum, and energy, and Ohm's and Biot-Savart's law using material functions of the plasma. A control volume approach facilitates a numerically conservative scheme for solving the coupled partial differential equations. The predictions are in fair agreement with experimental results. A time-dependent fully implicit simulation of the arc was used to investigate the arc instabilities for large magnetic inductions

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 4 )