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Development of radio-frequency identification sensors based on organic electronic sensing materials for selective detection of toxic vapors

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6 Author(s)
Potyrailo, R.A. ; Chemical and Biological Sensing Laboratory, General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, New York 12309, USA ; Surman, C. ; Go, S. ; Yongjae Lee
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Selective vapor sensors are demonstrated that involve the combination of (1) organic electronic sensing materials with diverse response mechanisms to different vapors and (2) passive 13.56 MHz radio-frequency identification (RFID) sensors with multivariable signal transduction. Intrinsically conducting polymers such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and polyaniline (PANI) were applied onto resonant antennas of RFID sensors. These sensing materials are attractive to facilitate the critical evaluation of our sensing concept because they exhibit only partial vapor selectivity and have well understood diverse vapor response mechanisms. The impedance spectra Ž(f) of the RFID antennas were inductively acquired followed by spectral processing of their real Zre(f) and imaginary Zim(f) parts using principal components analysis. The typical measured noise levels in frequency and impedance magnitude measurements were 60 Hz and 0.025 Ω, respectively. These low noise levels and the high sensitivity of the resonant RFID sensor structures resulted in NH3 determinations with the detection limit down to 20 ppb. This achieved detection limit was 25–50-fold better over chemoresistor sensors based on PANI films and nanowires.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:106 ,  Issue: 12 )