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In this paper, a new two-tier inverse characterization technique for coaxial to waveguide transition evaluation is presented and properly validated. The transition is characterized by estimating its scattering parameters and a cascade procedure is employed in order to compare simulations and measurements during the unterminating procedure. In contrast to other unterminating methods there are no restrictions concerning the number and type of standards and two transitions are simultaneously characterized. Additionally, genetic algorithms and the gradient descent method are used for error minimization during the unterminating stage. The accuracy of this two-tier inverse technique is evaluated as a function of the employed standards and the obtained results are compared to those provided by different well-known calibration algorithms. Results show that it is possible to properly characterize the coaxial to waveguide transition in a very flexible and accurate way.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:58 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Jan. 2010