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An automated method to calibrate industrial robot joint offset using virtual line-based single-point constraint approach

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8 Author(s)
Yong Liu ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Michigan State Univ. East Lansing, East Lansing, MI, USA ; Ning Xi ; Zhang, G. ; Xiongzi Li
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This paper describes an industrial robot joint offset calibration method called the virtual line-based single-point constraint approach. Previous methods such as using CMM, laser trackers or cameras are limited by the cost or the resolution. The proposed method relies mainly upon a laser pointer attached on the end-effector and single position-sensitive detector (PSD) arbitrarily located on the workcell. The automated calibration procedure (about three minutes) involves aiming the laser lines loaded by the robot towards the center of the PSD surface from various robot positions and orientations. The intersections of each pair of laser lines eventually should converge to the same point after compensating the joint offsets. An optimization model and algorithm have been formulated to identify the robot offset. For the highly precise feedback, a segmented PSD with a position resolution of better than 0.1 ¿m is employed. The mean accuracy of robot localization is up to 0.02 mm, and the mean error of the parameter identification is less than 0.08 degrees. Both simulations and experiments implemented on an ABB industrial robot verify the feasibility of the proposed method and demonstrated the effectiveness of the developed calibration system. The goal of fast, automated, low-cost, and high precision offset calibration are achieved.

Published in:

Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2009. IROS 2009. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on

Date of Conference:

10-15 Oct. 2009