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Backward and forward scattering by the melting layer composed of spheroidal hydrometeors at 5-100 GHz

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3 Author(s)
Zhang, Wei ; Radio Lab., Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland ; Tervonen, J.K. ; Salonen, E.T.

This paper addresses the behavior of the differential reflectivity, specific attenuation, and specific phase shift due to a melting layer composed of oblate-spheroidal hydrometeors. The results are based on a melting layer model and scattering computations derived from the point-matching technique with the truncation and recurrence adjusted. Computations at 5-100 GHz for five raindrop size distributions at rain rates below 12.5 mm/h are presented. In general, the reflectivity factor and differential reflectivity features with height at centimeter wavelengths agree with available radar measurements. At millimeter wavelengths, contributions to the radar backscatter from smaller hydrometeors become more and more important as the frequency increases and approaches 100 GHz. This should be instructive for utilizing millimeter wavelength radar techniques in radar remote sensing studies of the melting layer. Corresponding vertical profiles of the specific attenuation and phase shift are also presented at 5-100 GHz. The differential attenuation and phase shift indicate the particle shape effects. These attenuation and phase shift become more and more considerable as the frequency increases. Such forward scattering calculations should prove useful for studying propagation effects caused by the melting layer for satellite-earth communications, including depolarizations

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Sep 1996

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