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One of the main benefits brought by the use of fully polarimetric radars is the ability to identify scattering mechanisms, which are related to the target physical properties. One of the most critical problems in synthetic range-profile reconstruction is the distortion induced by the target motion. Radial target velocity and acceleration generate second- and third-order phase terms in the received signal, which produce range shift and point-spread-function smearing. The distortions induced by the target motion produce, as a consequence, a signal-to-noise ratio loss. Recently, a method based on contrast maximization has been proposed in order to compensate target radial motions using single-polarization data. In this paper, an extension of such an algorithm is proposed that exploits fully polarimetric data in order to improve the target radial motion compensation.