By Topic

Impulse radio ultra-wideband ranging based on maximum likelihood estimation

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Hai Zhan ; Centre Suisse d¿Electronique et de Microtechnique S.A. ; Jaouhar Ayadi ; John Farserotu ; Jean-yves Le Boudec

We propose a high-resolution ranging algorithm for impulse radio (IR) ultra-WideBand (UWB) communication systems in additive white Gaussian noise. We formulate the ranging problem as a maximum- likelihood (ML) estimation problem for the channel delays and amplitudes at the receiver. Then we translate the obtained delay estimates into an estimate of the distance. The ML estimation problem is a non-linear problem and is hard to solve. Some previous works focus on finding alternative estimation procedures, for example by denoising. In contrast, we tackle the ML estimation problem directly. First, we use the same transformation as the first step of Iterative quadratic maximum likelihood (IQML) and we transform the ML problem into another optimization problem that avoids the estimation of the amplitude coefficients. Second, we solve the remaining optimization problem with a gradient descent approach (pseudo-quadratic maximum likelihood (PQML) algorithm). To demonstrate the good performance of the proposed estimator, we present the numerical evaluations under the IEEE 802.15.4a channel model. We show that our algorithm performs significantly better than previously published heuristics. We also derive a reduced complexity version of the algorithm algorithm, which will be implemented on the Xinlix field-programmable gate array (FPGA) board in the future. We test the approach in a real weak line of sight (LOS) propagation environment and obtained good accuracy for the ranging.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 12 )