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Human–Agent Collaboration for Time-Stressed Multicontext Decision Making

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6 Author(s)
Xiaocong Fan ; Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA ; Michael McNeese ; Bingjun Sun ; Timothy Hanratty
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Multicontext team decision making under time stress is an extremely challenging issue faced by various real-world application domains. In this paper, we employ an experience-based cognitive agent architecture (called R-CAST) to address the informational challenges associated with military command and control (C2) decision-making teams, the performance of which can be significantly affected by dynamic context switching and tasking complexities. Using context switching frequency and task complexity as two factors, we conducted an experiment to evaluate whether the use of R-CAST agents as teammates and decision aids can benefit C2 decision-making teams. Members from a U.S. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps organization were randomly recruited as human participants. They were grouped into ten human-human teams, each composed of two participants, and ten human-agent teams, each composed of one participant and two R-CAST agents, as teammates and decision aids. The statistical inference of experimental results indicates that R-CAST agents can significantly improve the performance of C2 teams in multicontext decision making under varying time-stressed situations.

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IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics - Part A: Systems and Humans  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 2 )