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A Novel Beam Squint Compensation Technique for Circularly Polarized Conic-Section Reflector Antennas

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2 Author(s)
Shenheng Xu ; Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Yahya Rahmat-Samii

Beam squint generally exists in offset reflector antennas with circularly polarized feeds. It is manifested by a small beam shift of the radiation pattern in the plane perpendicular to the principal offset plane, which can significantly affect the beam pointing accuracy. In this paper a practical and widely applicable compensation technique for the beam squint is proposed. Simulation results show that a small lateral feed displacement in the perpendicular plane can effectively minimize or eliminate the linear phase shift caused by the depolarization effect, thus compensating for the beam squint effect. This is in practice very useful for offset reflector antennas where the previously suggested method based on feed tilting may not be proper. A simple formula is derived to quickly estimate the optimal feed displacement for both right- and left-hand circularly polarized feeds. Three representative examples: a single offset parabolic reflector, a suboptimal offset Cassegrain reflector, and an axially symmetric Cassegrain reflector with an off-focus feed, are presented to validate the proposed method. Satisfactory results are achieved for all three examples.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 2 )