Skip to Main Content
Uplink users in cellular networks, such as UMTS/HSPA, located at the edge of the cell generally suffer from poor channel conditions. Deploying intermediate relay nodes is seen as a promising approach towards extending cell coverage and increasing data rates. This paper focuses on the role of packet scheduling in cellular networks with relay nodes. In particular, two uplink scheduling schemes deploying the relay functionality in different ways are compared in performance to a reference scenario where relaying is not used. We derive expressions which characterize for each of the two relay-enabled schedulers the service area of a relay station as a function of the relay location and transmit power. The results show that the service area is significantly influenced by the type of scheduling. Examining the impact on the effective data rates of mobile stations shows that there is a combination of the relay's position and transmit power which optimizes uplink service. Furthermore, based on calculations of flow throughput, we show that relaying improves flow level performance of all users, including those who do not use the relay.