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The previous researches on influencing factors of team performance mainly focus on its direct influencing factors such as personality traits, ability, team member role, mutual trust atmosphere, cooperation and conflict management but seldom on the mechanism among them. Using data from a nationwide survey of 238 team members of creative product development, we use teamwork quality(communication, coordination, balance of member contributions, mutual support, cohesion)as the mediator and quantiflcationally analyze the effects of personality traits (emotional stability, extraversioÂ¿n, agreeableness, openness to experience, and conscientiousness)on team performance(team efficiency, team effect). The result shows that personality traits influence team performance by influencing teamwork quality and teamwork quality plays a completely mediator role between personality traits and team performance. We also discuss the implications of this study for research and practice and conclude with suggestions for future research directions.