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Multilayer mirror based monitors for impurity controls in large fusion reactor type devices

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5 Author(s)
Regan, S.P. ; Dept. of Phys. & Astron., Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, USA ; May, M.J. ; Soukhanovskii, V. ; Finkenthal, M.
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Multilayer mirror (MLM) based monitors are compact, high throughput diagnostics capable of extracting XUV emissions (the wavelength range including the soft-X-ray and the extreme ultraviolet, 10 Å to 304 Å) of impurities from the harsh environment of large fusion reactor type devices. For several years the Plasma Spectroscopy Group at Johns Hopkins University has investigated the application of MLM based XUV spectroscopic diagnostics for magnetically confined fusion plasmas. MLM based monitors have been constructed for and extensively used on DIII-D, Alcator C-Mod, TEXT, Phaedrus-T, and CDX-U tokamaks to study the impurity behavior of elements ranging from He to Mo. On ITER MLM based devices would be used to monitor the spectral line emissions from Li I-like to F I-like charge states of Fe, Cr, and Ni, as well as `extractors' for the bands of emissions from high Z elements such as Mo or W for impurity controls of the fusion plasma. In addition to monitoring the impurity emissions from the main plasma, MLM based devices can also be adapted for radiation measurements of low Z elements in the divertor. The concepts and designs of these MLM based monitors for impurity controls in ITER will be presented. The results of neutron irradiation experiments of the MLMs performed in the Los Alamos Spallation Radiation Effects Facility (LASREF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory will also be discussed. These preliminary neutron exposure studies show that the dispersive and reflective qualities of the MLMs were not affected in a significant manner

Published in:

Fusion Engineering, 1995. SOFE '95. Seeking a New Energy Era., 16th IEEE/NPSS Symposium  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

30 Sep-5 Oct 1995