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Real-Time Simulation of a Wind Turbine Generator Coupled With a Battery Supercapacitor Energy Storage System

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3 Author(s)
Wei Li ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montréal, Canada ; Géza Joos ; Jean Belanger

Wind power generation studies of slow phenomena using a detailed model can be difficult to perform with a conventional offline simulation program. Due to the computational power and high-speed input and output, a real-time simulator is capable of conducting repetitive simulations of wind profiles in a short time with detailed models of critical components and allows testing of prototype controllers through hardware-in-the-loop (HIL). This paper discusses methods to overcome the challenges of real-time simulation of wind systems, characterized by their complexity and high-frequency switching. A hybrid flow-battery supercapacitor energy storage system (ESS), coupled in a wind turbine generator to smooth wind power, is studied by real-time HIL simulation. The prototype controller is embedded in one real-time simulator, while the rest of the system is implemented in another independent simulator. The simulation results of the detailed wind system model show that the hybrid ESS has a lower battery cost, higher battery longevity, and improved overall efficiency over its reference ESS.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 4 )