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A Chopper Current-Feedback Instrumentation Amplifier With a 1 mHz 1/f Noise Corner and an AC-Coupled Ripple Reduction Loop

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3 Author(s)
Rong Wu ; Electron. Instrum. Lab., Delft Univ. of Technol., Delft, Netherlands ; Makinwa, K.A.A. ; Huijsing, J.H.

This paper presents a chopper instrumentation amplifier for interfacing precision thermistor bridges. For high CMRR and DC gain, the amplifier employs a three-stage current-feedback topology with nested-Miller compensation. By chopping both the input and intermediate stages of the amplifier, a 1 mHz 1/f noise corner was achieved at an input-referred noise power spectral density (PSD) of 15 nV/¿Hz. To reduce chopper ripple, the amplifier employs a continuous-time AC-coupled ripple reduction loop. Due to its continuous-time nature, the loop causes no noise folding to DC and hence offers improved noise performance over auto-zeroed amplifiers. The loop reduces chopper ripple by more than 60 dB, to levels below the amplifier's own input-referred noise. Furthermore, a maximum input referred offset of 5 ¿ V and a CMRR greater than 120 dB were measured at a supply current of 230 ¿A at 5 V.

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Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 12 )