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Performance of 8 ,\times, 8 Pixel LaBr _{3} :Ce and Gd _{2} SiO _{5} :Ce Scintillator Arrays Coupled to a 64-Channel Multi-Anode PMT

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15 Author(s)
Kurosawa, S. ; Dept. of Phys., Kyoto Univ., Kyoto, Japan ; Kubo, H. ; Hattori, K. ; Ida, C.
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We have developed a LaBr3:Ce scintillator array consisting of 8 × 8 pixels with a size of 5.8 mm×5.8 mm×15.0 mm, which serves as an absorber of scattered gamma rays with energies from 0.1 to 1 MeV in a Compton camera. The pixels were cut from two pieces of LaBr3:Ce crystal with a diameter of 38 mm and a length of 38 mm with full width at half-maximum (FWHM) energy resolutions of 4.1 ± 0.1% and 3.0 ± 0.1% at 356 and 662 keV, respectively, measured with a single anode photomultiplier tube (PMT). The crystal had the following volumetric uniformities: light outputs with a difference of 0.5% (standard deviation: SD) and energy resolutions with that of 2% (SD) at 356 keV. In contrast, for each pixel in the array, the average and SD FWHM energy resolutions over 64 pixels, measured with a single-anode PMT and a collimator, were 5.8 ± 0.9% at 356 keV. The array was then coupled to a 64-channel multi-anode PMT (Hamamatsu H8500), the anode pitch of which was the same as the LaBr3:Ce pixel pitch of 6.1 mm. When the 64 anodes were read out from four channels in a resistor chain by the charge division method, the FWHM energy resolution of all 64 pixels was 7.0 ± 0.5% at 662 keV, whereas that of the inner 6×6 pixels was 5.8 ± 0.4% at 662 keV. In addition, we measured a Gd2SiO5:Ce (GSO:Ce) scintillator array consisting of 8×8 pixels with a size of 5.9 mm×5.9 mm×13.0 mm to compare its performance with that of the LaBr3:Ce array. The FWHM energy resolution of all 64 GSO:Ce pixels was 10.8 ± 0.3% at 662 keV. With these energy resolutions, FWHM angular resolutions of the Compton camera using the LaBr3:Ce and GSO:Ce arrays are expected to be 4.6° and 5.3°, respectively, at 662 keV.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 6 )