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CNTFET-Based Design of Ternary Logic Gates and Arithmetic Circuits

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3 Author(s)
Sheng Lin ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, USA ; Yong-Bin Kim ; Fabrizio Lombardi

This paper presents a novel design of ternary logic gates using carbon nanotube (CNT) FETs (CNTFETs). Ternary logic is a promising alternative to the conventional binary logic design technique, since it is possible to accomplish simplicity and energy efficiency in modern digital design due to the reduced circuit overhead such as interconnects and chip area. A resistive-load CNTFET-based ternary logic design has been proposed to implement ternary logic based on CNTFET. In this paper, a novel design technique for ternary logic gates based on CNTFETs is proposed and compared with the existing resistive-load CNTFET logic gate designs. Especially, the proposed ternary logic gate design technique combined with the conventional binary logic gate design technique provides an excellent speed and power consumption characteristics in datapath circuit such as full adder and multiplier. Extensive simulation results using SPICE are reported to show that the proposed ternary logic gates consume significantly lower power and delay than the previous resistive-load CNTFET gates implementations. In realistic circuit application, the utilization of the proposed ternary gates combined with binary gates results in over 90% reductions in terms of the power delay product.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 2 )