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Laboratory Thin-Film Encapsulation of Air-Sensitive Organic Semiconductor Devices

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3 Author(s)
Samuel P. Subbarao ; Soldier & Vehicle Solutions, BAE Syst. Inc., Austin, TX, USA ; Matthias E. Bahlke ; Ioannis Kymissis

We present an approach, which is compatible with both glass and polymer substrates, to in-laboratory handling and intra-laboratory shipping of air-sensitive organic semiconductors. Encapsulation approaches are presented using polymer/ceramic and polymer/metal thin-film barriers using commercially available materials and generally available laboratory equipment. A technique for depositing an opaque vapor barrier, a transparent vapor barrier, and an approach to storing and shipping air-sensitive thin-film organic semiconductor devices on both polymer and glass substrates are presented. Barrier performance in air was tested using organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) as test devices. The half-life performance of OLEDs on plastic substrates in air exceeded 700 h, and that on glass exceeded 500 h. Commercially available heat-seal barrier bag systems for device shipping and storage in air were tested using a thin film of metallic calcium to test water permeation. More than four months of storage of a metallic calcium film in a heat-sealed foil bag was demonstrated in the best storage system. These approaches allow for the encapsulation of samples for longer duration testing and transportation than otherwise possible.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 1 )