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A new adaptive equalizer with channel estimator for mobile radio communication

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2 Author(s)
Jianjun Wu ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., King''s Coll., London, UK ; Aghvami, A.H.

For unknown mobile radio channels with severe intersymbol interference (ISI), a maximum likelihood sequence estimator, such as a decision feedback equalizer (DFE) having both feedforward and feedback filters, needs to handle both precursors and postcursors. Consequently, such an equalizer is too complex to be practical. This paper presents a new reduced-state, soft decision feedback Viterbi equalizer (RSSDFVE) with a channel estimator and predictor. The RSSDFVE uses maximum likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE) to handle the precursors and truncates the overall postcursors with the soft decision of the MLSE to reduce the implementation complexity. A multiray fading channel model with a Doppler frequency shift is used in the simulation. For fast convergence, a channel estimator with fast start-up is proposed. The channel estimator obtains the sampled channel impulse response (CIR) from the training sequence and updates the RSSDFVE during the bursts in order to track changes of the fading channel. Simulation results show the RSSDFVE has nearly the same performance as the MLSE for time-invariant multipath fading channels and better performance than the DFE for time-variant multipath fading channels with less implementation complexity than the MLSE. The fast start-up (FS) channel estimator gives faster convergence than a Kalman channel estimator. The proposed RSSDFVE retains the MLSE structure to obtain good performance and only uses soft decisions to subtract the postcursor interference. It provides the best tradeoff between complexity and performance of any Viterbi equalizers

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 3 )