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Broadcasting/Multicasting problems have been well studied in wireless ad hoc networks. However, only a few approaches take into account the low interference and energy efficiency as the optimization objective simultaneously. In this paper, we study the interference and power constrained broadcast/multicast and the delay-bounded interference and power constrained broadcast/multicast routing problems in wireless ad hoc networks using directional antennas. We propose an approximation and a heuristic algorithm for the two problems, respectively. Importantly, motivated by the study of above optimization problems, we propose approximation schemes for two multi-constrained directed Steiner tree problems, respectively. Broadcast/Multicast message by using the trees found by our algorithms tend to have less channel collisions and higher network throughput. The theoretical results are corroborated by simulation studies.
Date of Conference: 12-15 Oct. 2009