By Topic

Functional imaging of neoadjuvant chemotherapy response in women with locally advanced breast cancer using diffuse optical spectroscopy

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Hany Soliman ; The Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario Canada M4N 3M5 ; Martin J. Yaffe ; Gregory J. Czarnota

Functional imaging with tomographic near infrared diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) can quantitatively measure tissue parameters such as the concentration of deoxy-hemoglobin (Hb), oxy-hemoglobin (HbO2), percent water (%water), and scattering power (SP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between DOS functional parameters with pathologic outcomes. Patients with locally advanced breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy were recruited to this study (n = 3D10). Five scans were conducted per patient: a baseline scan was taken up to 3 days prior to treatment and at 1 week, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and after neoadjuvant treatment prior to surgery. At each scan the patient lay prone with the breast suspended between immobilization plates in optical coupling medium. Pulsed near-infrared laser light was used to scan the breast at four different wavelengths and data was used for tomographic reconstruction. Volume-of-interest (VOI) weighted tissue Hb, HbO2, %water, and SP corresponding to the tumour was calculated and compared to clinical and pathological response as determined from full mount mastectomy pathology. For all 10 patients the tumour-based VOI was significantly different than background tissue for all functional parameters (p<0.001). Five patients had a good clinical and pathologic response. Four patients were considered non-responders. One patient initially had a poor clinical response to chemotherapy but after a change in chemotherapy had a good clinical and radiographic response. Responders and non-responders were significantly different for all of the functional parameters (p<0.05) at the 4-week scan. In the 5 patients with a good response the mean drop in Hb, HbO2, %water, and SP from baseline to the 4-week scan was 70.4% (SD = 3D18.6), 66.5% (SD = 3D24.5), 59.6% (SD = 3D30.9), and 60.7% (SD = 3D29.2), respectively. In contrast, the 4 non-responders had a mean drop of 17.7% (SD = 3D9.8), 18.0% (SD = 3D20.8- - ), 15.4% (SD = 3D11.7), and 12.6% (SD = 3D10.2), for Hb, HbO2, %water and SP, respectively. Functional imaging using tomographic diffuse optical spectroscopy parameters of Hb, HbO2, %water and SP could be used as an early detector of final clinical and pathologic.

Published in:

2009 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Date of Conference:

3-6 Sept. 2009