Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Development of a Rat Computational Phantom Using Boundary Representation Method for Monte Carlo Simulation in Radiological Imaging

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Zhang, Guozhi ; Wuhan Nat. Lab. for Optoelectron., Huazhong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Wuhan, China ; Xie, Tianwu ; Bosmans, H. ; Liu, Qian

Computational models for small experimental animals are important in medical imaging and radiation dosimetry researches. The boundary representation method by use of nonuniform rational B-splines (NURBS) is adopted in this paper to develop a rat computational phantom based on the previously obtained segmentation data for cryosectional color photographic images of an adult male Sprague-Dawley rat. Continuous two-dimensional contours for a total of 14 major structures were outlined from the downscaled anatomical atlas, corresponding to a voxel size of 0.2 times 0.2 times 0.2 mm3 and stacked to reconstruct the three-dimensional (3-D) shapes. The NURBS model was then appropriately fitted through the surface of each organ. Monte Carlo simulation of cone beam X-ray computed tomography was performed focusing on the thorax region to demonstrate the usefulness of the computational phantom in radiological imaging. The integrated whole-body geometry is presented with smooth internal and exterior boundaries. Organ centroid coordinates and volume information are tabulated for future comparison purposes. The rat phantom can be used in 3-D dose calculation and other computational applications as well.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:97 ,  Issue: 12 )

Date of Publication:

Dec. 2009

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.