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We present local measurements of absolute values of pulsed magnetic fields in a typical electromagnetic launching system-a small coilgun. For this purpose, we designed magnetic field sensors based on thin polycrystalline La0.83Sr0.17MnO3 films exhibiting a colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) effect. We measured the magnetic field distribution inside the bore of a coilgun consisting of a multilayer coil and inserted a copper projectile in the shape of a hollow cylinder using an array of CMR-based sensors. In order to identify places with highly inhomogeneous magnetic field changes in direction and value, we simulated a pulsed magnetic field inside the coilgun. The measurements of magnetic induction compared well with simulations. CMR-based sensors are able to measure highly inhomogeneous magnetic fields in very small areas independently of the magnetic field direction with respect to the orientation of the sensor.