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This paper presents a new technique to reduce the bandwidth of the dynamic power supply waveform used in wideband envelope tracking power amplifiers (PAs). When the envelope tracking technique is applied to broadband signals such as WCDMA and 3GPP LTE, the wide bandwidth of the envelope signal makes it difficult to implement the dynamic supply modulator efficiently and accurately. We show here a technique to reduce the bandwidth of the power supply waveform, thereby allowing better efficiency for the supply modulator; and a linearization method for correcting the nonlinearity caused by the bandwidth reduction. The feasibility of this technique is demonstrated for a single carrier WCDMA signal with a 7.6-dB peak-to-average power ratio using a GaAs high-voltage HBT PA. The bandwidth of the power supply waveform is reduced from 20 to 4 MHz. After linearization, the reduced bandwidth envelope tracking PA exhibits an average output power of 28 W, an average gain of 12 dB and an overall power-added efficiency of 49%. The measured normalized rms error is as low as 0.67% with an adjacent channel leakage ratio of -53.9 and -54.2 dBc at offset frequencies of 5 and 10 MHz, respectively.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:57 , Issue: 12 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2009