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This paper proposes a non-orthogonal view iris recognition system comprising a new iris imaging module, an iris segmentation module, an iris feature extraction module and a classification module. A dual-charge-coupled device camera was developed to capture four-spectral (red, green, blue, and near-infrared) iris images which contain useful information for simplifying the iris segmentation task. An intelligent random sample consensus iris segmentation method is proposed to robustly detect iris boundaries in a four-spectral iris image. In order to match iris images acquired at different off-axis angles, we propose a circle rectification method to reduce the off-axis iris distortion. The rectification parameters are estimated using the detected elliptical pupillary boundary. Furthermore, we propose a novel iris descriptor which characterizes an iris pattern with multiscale step/ridge edge-type maps. The edge-type maps are extracted with the derivative of Gaussian and the Laplacian of Gaussian filters. The iris pattern classification is accomplished by edge-type matching which can be understood intuitively with the concept of classifier ensembles. Experimental results show that the equal error rate of our approach is only 0.04% when recognizing iris images acquired at different off-axis angles within ??30??.
Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2010