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Guided wave (GW) dispersion curves can be extracted from a time-transient measurement by means of time-frequency representations (TFRs). Unfortunately, any TFR is subject to the time-frequency uncertainty principle. This, in general, limits the capability of TFRs to characterize closely spaced guided modes over a wide frequency range. To overcome this limitation, we implemented a new warped frequency transform that presents enhanced mode extraction capabilities because of a more flexible tiling of the time-frequency domain. The tiling is designed to match the dispersive spectro-temporal structure of a GW by selecting an appropriate map of the time-frequency plane. The proposed transformation is fast, invertible, and covariant to group delay shifts. An application to Lamb waves propagating in an aluminum plate is presented. Time-transient GWs propagation events obtained both numerically and experimentally are considered. The results show that the proposed warped frequency transform limits the interference patterns which appear with other TFRs and produces a sparse representation of the Lamb wave pattern that can be suitable for identification and characterization purposes.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:56 , Issue: 10 )
Date of Publication: October 2009