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Quantitative measures of boundary and contrast enhancement in speckle reduction in ultrasonic B-mode images using spatial bessel filters

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1 Author(s)
Mohana Shankar, P. ; Dept. of Electr.&Comput. Eng., Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA, USA

The spatial Bessel filters are studied for their ability to reduce ultrasonic speckle and enhance the boundaries of regions of interest (ROI) in medical B-mode images. Using the concept of the heterogeneity index, a new parameter is defined to provide a quantitative measure of the edge visibility. It is hypothesized that this edge visibility parameter will be almost equal to unity if the ROI does not contain a boundary and greater than unity when the ROI contains a boundary. Analyses of 2 computer-synthesized images containing speckle and B-mode images of tissue-mimicking phantoms were carried out. The improvement in contrast and enhancement in edge visibility were estimated. In addition, parametric images containing a map of the edge visibility were created that showed clear boundaries. The quantitative measures strongly support the visual perception of contrast and enhanced edge visibility provided by the spatial Bessel filters. Results demonstrate the potential use of Bessel spatial filters in providing speckle reduction along with the ability to enhance the boundaries of regions of interest in B-mode images.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 10 )