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1-D elasticity assessment in soft solids from shear wave correlation: the time-reversal approach

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5 Author(s)
Benech, N. ; Fac. de Cienc., Inst. de Fis., Montevideo, Uruguay ; Catheline, S. ; Brum, J. ; Gallot, T.
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One-channel time-reversal (TR) experiments allow focalization of waves in reverberant cavities. According to the Rayleigh criterion, the focal spot width is directly related to the wavelength and therefore depends on the mechanical properties of the medium. Thus, the general idea of this work is to extract quantitative estimations of these mechanical properties using a time-reversal approach based on cross-correlations of the wave field. An external source creates mechanical waves in the audible frequency range. One component of the vectorial field is measured along a line as function of time with signal processing developed in the field of 1-D elastography. The shear wavelength information is deduced from these mechanical waves using spatiotemporal correlations and interpreted in the frame of the time-reversal symmetry. The impact of wave attenuation in soft solids is reduced using a spatial average of the correlation field. The result is shown to be suitable for global elasticity estimation. The advantage is that the technique is almost independent of the source kind, shape, and time excitation function. This robustness as regard to shear wave source allows translation of this technique to applications in the medical field, including deep or moving organs.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 11 )