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Adaptive ground fault protection schemes for turbogenerator based on third harmonic voltages

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4 Author(s)
X. G. Yin ; Huazhong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Wuhan, China ; O. P. Malik ; G. S. Hope ; D. S. Chen

Equivalent circuits based on the actual connection of coil-groups of generators are used to study the characteristics of various generator stator ground fault protection schemes presented in the literature. The evaluation and the comparison of the characteristics of those schemes are given by means of protection coverage-critical resistance curves. Although these schemes are successful in practice, they suffer the disadvantage of low sensitivity, which is strongly related to generator operating conditions. To overcome this disadvantage, two adaptive stator ground fault protection schemes based on digital techniques are developed. Compared to conventional third-harmonic voltage schemes, they can automatically track the change of generator operating conditions before a ground fault occurs. Test results from a digital simulation show that they can keep high sensitivity during all operating conditions

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 2 )