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A finite-state Markov channel model is proposed in this paper to model the aeronautical channel. A class of aeronautical channel models is introduced, featuring parking and taxi environments, takeoff and landing situations, and en-route scenarios for ground-air and air-air links. Rayleigh and Ricean fading are fitted to these scenarios. The parameters of the model are obtained from theoretical analysis. The transition probabilities and the steady-state probabilities are calculated by SNR and LCR of channel model. Simulation and results indicate that finite-state Markov channel model sufficiently characterizes aeronautical channel behavior.