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This paper presents an efficient algorithm combining the stabilized biconjugate gradient fast Fourier transform (BCGS-FFT) method with an improved discrete complex image method (DCIM) for electromagnetic scattering from electrically large objects in both lossless and lossy multilayered media. The required spatial Green's functions obtained by the improved DCIM are accurate both in the near- and far-field regions without any quasi-static and surface-wave extraction. Then, the scattering by buried objects is considered using the BCGS-FFT method combined with the improved DCIM. Numerical results show the improved DCIM can save tremendous CPU time in scattering involving buried objects.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:48 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2010