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Planar LTCC Transformers for High-Voltage Flyback Converters

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7 Author(s)
Roesler, A.W. ; Sandia Nat. Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA ; Schare, J.M. ; Glass, S.J. ; Ewsuk, K.G.
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This paper discusses the design and use of low-temperature (850°C to 950°C) cofired ceramic (LTCC) planar magnetic flyback transformers for applications that require conversion of a low-voltage to high-voltage (> 100-V) with significant volumetric constraints. Measured performance and modeling results for multiple designs show that the LTCC flyback transformer design and construction imposes serious limitations on the achievable coupling, and significantly impacts the transformer performance and output voltage. This paper discusses the impact of various design factors that can provide improved performance by increasing transformer coupling and output voltage. The experiments performed on prototype units demonstrate LTCC transformer designs capable of greater than 2-kV output. Finally, the paper investigates the effect of the LTCC microstructure on transformer insulation. Although this paper focuses on generating voltages in the kV range, the experimental characterization and discussion presented in this paper applies to designs requiring lower voltage.

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Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 2 )